Fish of the Boquet Watershed

Because sport fishing is of economic importance a moderately complete list of the fish species found in the Boquet watershed exists. Bill Shoch, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Fisheries, prepared this list and the notes on the endemicity of each species:

Endemicity is ... "not a simple question to answer. Wide scale introductions of fish occurred in the Adirondacks in the late 1800's, yet fish surveys were not conducted in many waters until about 1930. Thus, for some species, there is no way to know if they were introduced prior to the first surveys, or if they were native. Nevertheless, for many fishes, early surveys provide clear evidence they were, or were not, native to the Adirondacks. Those early records also indicate certain species were native to the periphery of the Adirondacks, but were absent, or had only scattered distributions in the interior of the Adirondacks.

"The following table lists fishes collected during recent surveys in portions of the Boquet River and Lincoln Pond. Where a species was collected, I provided my best determination of whether it was native or introduced. In general, the status of prominent species such as salmon, trout and bass, is well known. The status of less distinctive species, including minnows and chubs, may be less clear. For the latter group, if records indicate that a species was native to the periphery of the Adirondacks I generally listed it as a native, based on the assumption that it would have had access to lower elevation portions of the Boquet Watershed. Three species, pumpkinseed, brown bullhead and creek chubs are listed as: "N/I ?." Those species were native to portions of the Adirondacks, but are known to have been very widely distributed to additional waters by man."

Fish of the Boquet Watershed1

(N = native; I = introduced; R = reintroduced; S = stocked)
Common Name Scientific Name Main Stem North Branch Lincoln Pond
Salmonidae: salmon and trout family
atlantic salmon Salmo salar R+S R+S  
brown trout Salmo trutta I+S I+S  
brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis N+S N+S  
Esocidae: pike family
northern pike Esox lucius     I
Catostomidae: sucker family
long nosed sucker Catostomus catostomus N    
white sucker Catostomus commersoni N N N
Ictaluridae: bullhead catfish family
brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus N/I ? N/I ? N/I ?
Percopsidae: trout-perch family
trout perch Percopsis omiscomaycus N N  
Gadidae: cod family
burbot Lota lota   N  
Cyprinodontidae: minnow family
lake chub Couesius plumbeus N    
cut lips minnow Exoglossum maxillingua N N  
common shiner Luxilus cornutus N N  
pearl dace Margariscus margarita   I  
golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas     I
northern red bellied dace Phoxinus eos N N  
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus I    
black nosed dace Rhinichthys atratulus N N  
long nosed dace Rhinichthys cataractae   N  
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus N/I ? N/I ?  
Cottidae: sculpin family
slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus N    
Centrarchidae: sunfish and bass family
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris   I  
pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus   N/I ? N/I ?
small mouth bass Micropterus dolomieu     I
large mouth bass Micropterus salmoides     I
Percidae: perch, walleye, and darter family
tessellated darter Etheostoma olmstedi N N  
yellow perch Perca flavescens     I
(N = native; I = introduced; R = reintroduced; S = stocked)

1 The species list does not include many fishes from Lake Champlain that may be found in the lowermost portion of the Boquet River. The debate over native vs. nonnative becomes much more involved when the question is expanded to all of Lake Champlain.

fish Boquet River