Map of Newfoundland and Labrador

 

map of Newfoundland and Labrador

For those whose geography needs review, Newfoundland and Labrador are on the northeastern coast of Canadian North America. They are east of northern Quebec, northeast of Maine (US) and Nova Scotia, and to the southwest of Greenland. They are northern lands, in the south covered by boreal forest but extending above the treeline in the north. The climate is maritime, strongly influenced by exposure to south flowing currents from the Labrador Sea.

Newfoundland and Labrador did not join the confederation of Canadian provinces until 1949. Originally the entire province was referred to as "Newfoundland" as you see on the map to the left. Now the province is known as "Newfoundland and Labrador", acknowledging both regions.

 

Part I

After crossing on the ferry from Nova Scotia we drove north along the western coast of the island. The road follows a sometimes narrow coastal shelf of Ordovician limestones between the ocean and a mountainous escarpment of older Precambrian sedimentary rocks known as the Long Mountains. These mountains extend all the way from the southern coast up to the end of the northern peninsula and are ,geologically, the northernmost portion of the Appalachian Mountains.

We spent several days at Gros Morne National Park where the mountains come right down to the ocean. Then we meandered north along the coast. Only at far northern end of the peninsula were we able to climb up the escarpment onto the flatlands above. Back down on the coast we saw Burnt Cape and L'Anse aux Meadows, then drove back to St. Barbe and took the ferry across the Straits of Belle Isle to Labrador.

Map of Newfoundland

 

map of Newfoundland
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