Trillium grandiflorum, White Trillium

Trillium grandiflorum
photos by Dennis Kalma

Scientific Name:
Common Name:
ITIS Number:
NRCS Symbol:
  Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.
White Trillium
Liliaceae (lillies)

Plant: 15-50 cm tall; flowering in spring; often grows in clumps which may form large beds

Flower: 3 parted; white, often turning pink with age due to a fungal infection; petals 4-6 cm long; erect flower stalk

Leaves: single whorl of 3; leaves symmetrical, wide; branched veins

Habitat: rich woods, floodplains

Similar Species: White Trillium is the only species with an entirely white flower on an erect flowerstalk. If flowers are not present: Painted Trillium (T. undulatum) can be distinguished by its stalked leaves; Nodding Trillium (T. cernuum) usually shows the remains of the drooping flower stalk; Red Trillium (T. erectum) usually grow as scattered individuals and have somewhat narrower leaves.

Trillium grandiflorum   Trillium grandiflorum - range map
Flora of North America
  Trillium grandiflorum