Actaea rubra, Red Baneberry

 
Actaea rubra
photos by Dennis Kalma

Scientific Name:
Common Name:
Family:
ITIS Number:
NRCS Symbol:
  Actaea rubra (Ait.) ssp rubra
Red Baneberry
Ranunculaceae (buttercups)
181881
ACRUR2
 

Plant: 30-90 cm tall; flowering in late spring/early summer

Flower: single raceme, 3-5 cm long, on a thick stalk; raceme a tight cluster usually only a little longer than wide; individual flowers with 4-10 narrow white petals that are inconspicuous due to the many long white stamens.

Fruit: berries red (occasionally white) on long thin stalks

Leaves: whorl of 3 leaves, each subdivided into leaflets with sharp and irregular teeth

Habitat: woods

Similar Species: most easily distinguished from Actaea pachypoda, White Baneberry; that species always has white fruits on shorter stalks and the flowering raceme is significantly longer than wide.

Actaea rubra leaf
leaf
  Actaea rubra raceme
raceme
  Actaea rubra fruits
fruits
 
    Actaea rubra - range map
Flora of North America